Carl Zuckmayer

Carl Zuckmayer (December 27, 1896 – January 18, 1977) was a German writer and playwright. Born in Nackenheim in Rheinhessen, he was the son of Amalie (née Goldschmidt) and Carl Zuckmayer. When he was four years old, his family moved to Mainz. With the outbreak of World War I, he (like many other high school students) finished school with a facilitated "emergency"-Abitur and volunteered for military service. During the war he served with the German Army's Field Artillery on the Western Front. In 1917, he published first poems in the pacifist journal Die Aktion. By the end of the war in 1918 Zuckmayer held the rank of a Leutnant der Reserve (Reserve Officer). After the war, he took up studies at the University of Frankfurt, first in humanities, later in biology and botany. In 1920, he married his childhood friend Annemarie Ganz, but they were divorced already one year later, when Zuckmayer had an affair with actress Annemarie Seidel. His first ventures into literature and theatre were complete failures.


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